Archaeology is the study of past cultures by the material they left behind. Historical archaeology includes the study of maps, photographs, and actual written accounts that can be found in archives and libraries. In May 2010, archaeologists from Gray & Pape, Inc., an Over-The-Rhine historic preservation firm, excavated at the former intersection of Race and Water Streets along Cincinnati's riverfront. The archaeological remains discovered date from the 1800s to the present day. These archaeological remains—together with the archival data—show us the many changing faces of Cincinnati's Riverfront.
The archaeological investigation was part of the Cincinnati Central Riverfront Urban Design Master Plan, known as The Banks, and in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Conducted in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, Ohio Department of Transportation, and Ohio Historical Society, the work was made possible by joint-funding provided by the City of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.